HARRISBURG, Pa. — Pennsylvania farmers intend to plant more acres of corn and oats this spring, but will harvest fewer acres of wheat, barley, all hay and tobacco than a year ago.
Pennsylvania burley acres are down from reported acres last year. Planting intentions for soybeans are unchanged from a year ago according to the Pennsylvania field office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service.
Winter wheat planted, at 165,000 acres, is down 11 percent from last year’s planted acres and equal to 2010. Barley planting intentions are estimated at 60,000 acres, down 8 percent from the past year. Oat planting intended acreage is 95,000, up 6 percent from last year, but down 14 percent from 2010.
Intended plantings of corn for all purposes are 1.44 million acres, up 1 percent from the previous year and 7 percent from 2010. Soybean acreage planting intentions are 500,000 acres, equal to the 500,000 acres planted in the two previous years.
Intentions are to harvest 2,900 acres of Southern Maryland-type tobacco, 3 percent less than the acres harvested last year and 32 percent more than 2010.
Pennsylvania seedleaf-type tobacco harvested acreage is expected to be 2,000 acres, up 18 percent from last year, but down 5 percent from 2010. Pennsylvania farmers also intend to harvest 4,400 acres of light air-cured burley tobacco this year, which is down 12 percent from last year, but up 5 percent from 2010.
Harvest intentions for all dry hay in 2012 are estimated at 1.4 million acres, down 3 percent from last year’s harvest and 7 percent less than in 2010.
Nationally, corn growers intend to plant 95.9 million acres of corn for all purposes in 2012, up 4 percent from last year and 9 percent higher than in 2010.
If realized, this will be the highest planted acreage in the U.S. since 1937, when an estimated 97.2 million acres were planted. Planted acreage is expected to be up in most states compared with last year due to expectations of better net returns in 2012 compared with other commodities.
Record corn acreage is expected in Idaho, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota, while acreage is expected to decrease in the central and southern Great Plains, which experienced severe drought and above normal temperatures in 2011.
Soybean planted area for 2012 is estimated at 73.9 million acres in 2012, down 1 percent from last year and down 5 percent from 2010. Compared with last year, planted acreage intentions are down in many areas as some acreage is expected to shift to corn.
Additionally, soybean acreage intentions in Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas are down from 2011 due to drought conditions that have continued from last year into early March.
If realized, the planted area in New York and North Dakota will be the largest on record, and the planted area in Pennsylvania will tie the previous record.
All wheat planted area is estimated at 55.9 million acres, up 3 percent from 2011. The 2012 winter wheat planted area, at 41.7 million acres, is up 3 percent from last year but down 1 percent from the previous estimate.
Of this total, about 29.9 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 8.4 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.5 million acres are White Winter. Area planted to other spring wheat for 2012 is estimated at 12.0 million acres, down 3 percent from 2011.
Of this total, about 11.3 million acres are Hard Red Spring wheat. Durum planted area for 2012 is estimated at 2.22 million acres, up 62 percent from the previous year.
Barley producers intend to seed 3.33 million acres of barley for the 2012 crop year, up 30 percent from last year’s record low. If realized, this will be the third smallest seeded area on record, despite the large increase from last year.
Seeded area is expected to increase across much of the Northern Tier, where acreages declined significantly in 2011 due to an unusually wet spring that left many producers unable to seed all of their intended acreage.
Elsewhere, barley acreage is expected to decline in many of the Atlantic Coast States. Producers in New York are expecting to seed a record low acreage in 2012.