hands holding soy beans

In a follow-up to the Prospective Plantings report released in March, 64,000 farm operators were surveyed during the first two weeks of June to gather information on what was actually planted.

The following information came from the June 30 acreage report based on a June 1 reference date.

Corn planted area for all purposes in 2022 is estimated at 89.9 million acres, down 4% from last year. Compared with last year, planted acreage is expected to be down or unchanged in 35 of the 48 estimating states.

The 2022 soybean planted area is estimated at 88.3 million acres, up 1% from last year. Compared with last year, planted acreage is up in 20 major producing states. Area for harvest is forecast at 87.5 million acres, up 1% from 2021.

If realized, this will be the third highest planted and harvested soybean acreage on record. Record planted area is estimated in Illinois, Kentucky and Wisconsin.

All wheat planted area for 2022 is estimated at 47.1 million acres, up 1% from 2021. If realized, this represents the fifth lowest all wheat planted area since records began in 1919.

The 2022 winter wheat planted area, at 34 million acres, is up 1% from last year but down 1% from the previous estimate.

Pennsylvania Growers

Pennsylvania growers expect to harvest 885,000 acres of grain corn, down 11% from last year, and 595,000 soybean acres, unchanged from 2021.

Planted soybean acres is estimated at 600,000 acres, also unchanged from the previous year.

Keystone small grain acreage for harvest is expected to be 210,000 wheat acres, up 8% from last year; 48,000 acres of oats, up 33% from the previous year; and 29,000 barley acres, up 4% from 2021.

All dry hay acres for harvest in Pennsylvania are estimated at 1.4 million acres, up 15% from the previous year.

Delaware Growers

Delaware farmers indicate that they have planted 170,000 acres of corn this spring, down 3% from 2021. A total of 162,000 acres are expected to be harvested for grain, with the remaining acres harvested for silage or other uses.

Farmers indicate that they will plant 155,000 acres of soybeans, unchanged from 2021. Winter wheat planted is set at 80,000 acres, and barley planted is at 21,000 acres.

Farmers expect to harvest 60,000 acres of winter wheat and 15,000 acres of barley in 2022. Hay will be cut from an estimated 2,000 acres of alfalfa and 8,000 acres of other types of hay.

A record low harvested acreage is expected for all hay and alfalfa hay.

Maryland Growers

Maryland farmers are expected to plant 480,000 acres of corn in 2022, up 10,000 acres from 2021. They expect to harvest 410,000 acres for grain, down 4% from last year.

Soybean planted acreage is expected to be 490,000 acres, unchanged from 2021. Winter wheat planted is set at 345,000 acres, and barley planted is at 28,000 acres.

Farmers also report that they will harvest 175,000 acres of winter wheat and 16,000 acres of barley in 2022. In addition, farmers expect to harvest 35,000 acres of alfalfa and 175,000 acres of other types of hay.

New England Growers

New England farmers are expected to plant 178,000 acres of corn in 2022, up 6% from 2021. Record low corn planted area is estimated in Rhode Island.

Also, New England farmers expect to harvest 41,000 acres of alfalfa and 416,000 acres of other types of hay.

Connecticut Growers

Corn planted for all purposes in 2022 is estimated at 25,000 acres, up 4% from the previous year.

Growers expect to harvest 52,000 acres of hay, up 13% from last year. Other hay is estimated at 45,000 acres, up 13% from the previous year. Alfalfa hay is estimated at 7,000 acres, up 17% from 2021.

Massachusetts Growers

Corn planted for all purposes in 2022 is estimated at 15,000 acres, up 7% from the previous year.

Growers expect to harvest 55,000 acres of hay, unchanged from last year. Other hay is estimated at 50,000 acres, unchanged from 2021. Alfalfa hay is estimated at 5,000 acres, unchanged from the previous year.

New Jersey Growers

Total corn planted acreage in 2022, at 80,000 acres, is up 3% from last year.

Producers planted, or will plant, 110,000 acres of soybeans, the highest since 2018.

Winter wheat acreage for harvest, at 22,000 acres, is up 6,000 acres from last year. Farmers intend to harvest 110,000 acres of all hay, which is the highest since 2018.

New York Growers

New York farmers planted an estimated 330,000 acres of soybeans in 2022, up 2% from the previous year. Empire State farmers planted 1.19 million acres of corn for all purposes, up 13% from the acreage planted in 2021. Acreage for grain is expected to total 590,000 acres, up 1% from the previous year.

Winter wheat planted area is set at 135,000 acres, down 13% from 2021. Oat seedings totaled 68,000 acres in 2022, up 24% from last year. Acreage to be harvested for grain is estimated at 39,000 acres, up 34% from the previous year.

Barley seeded area is estimated at a record low 9,000 acres in 2022, unchanged from last year. Acreage for harvest for all types of dry hay is expected to total 1.30 million acres, up 12% from 2021. Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures for dry hay, at 240,000 acres, is down 11%, and acres for other types of dry hay, at 1.06 million acres, is up 19% from a year earlier.

Crop Forecasts

Here are the latest results for the 2022 crops based on crop conditions as of July 1.

U.S. winter wheat production is forecast at 1.2 billion bushels, up 2% from the previous forecast but down 6% from 2021.

Based on July 1 conditions, the United States yield is forecast at 48 bushels per acre, down 0.2 bushel from last month and down 2.2 bushels from last year’s average yield of 50.2 bushels per acre.

Area expected to be harvested for grain or seed totals 25 million acres, unchanged from the acreage report released on June 30 but down 2% from last year. Record high yields are forecast in Illinois, Maryland and North Dakota.

Oat production is forecast at 52.6 million bushels, up 32% from 2021. Growers expect to harvest 796,000 acres for grain, unchanged from the previous forecast but up 22% from 2021.

Based on conditions as of July 1, the United States’ yield is forecast at 66.1 bushels per acre, 4.8 bushels above the 2021 average yield. A record yield is expected in North Dakota.

In Pennsylvania, oat yield is expected to be 56 bushels per acre, down 9 bushels from 2021, although production is expected to be up from the previous year at 2.69 million bushels.

King Whetstone is the Northeastern regional director for USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Northeastern Regional Director for USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service

King Whetstone is the Northeastern regional director for USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

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